Methods of Shipping and shipping cost from China to Germany
When shipping from China to Germany, you can choose one of four main options:
1. Ship by Air Freight
Shipping through an air carrier is faster compared to shipping on land or sea. This method is perfect for smaller, more sensitive shipments that require fast delivery. Though this is a fast method, it is costlier than both land and sea freight.
How Much Does It Cost to Ship by Air Freight from China to Germany?
The cost of air freight depends on factors such as the type of goods, weight, volume, and destination.
You can take advantage of economies of scale if you have larger shipments.
Airfreight cost per kilogram decreases the heavier your shipment gets, although the minimun chargeable weight is 45 kg.
This table shows air freight costs in USD of 200KG general cargo for you reference dated on 15th, Feburary, 2021.
|Destination in Germany ||Shipping from Shanghai ||Shipping from Shenzhen ||Shipping from Guangzhou ||Shipping from Ningbo |
|Berlin ||$982 ||$956 ||$968 ||$994 |
|Hamburg ||$1,043 ||$1,076 ||$1128 ||$1,022 |
|Bremen ||$1,007 ||$1,058 ||$1092 ||$985 |
|Bremerhaven ||$1,011 ||$1,063 ||$1142 ||$993 |
|Frankfurt ||$1175 ||$1,246 ||$1283 ||$1272 |
How Long Does It Take to Ship from China to Germany by Air?
Airfreight falls just below express shipping when it comes to delivery speed.
There are two ways that you can ship by air: Direct Air Freight and In-Direct Air Freight. Shipping via direct air freight is faster and can take only two days. Shipping via in-direct air freight could take as long as a week.
If you opt for door-to-door shipping, the duration will take 6-13 days.
2. Express Shipping
Also known as expedited shipping, this method is ideal if you want your goods delivered at the fastest rate.
However, while being the fastest method of delivery, it is also the costliest compared to other options.
Express freight shipping is usually carried out by air couriers which allows you to quickly ship packages up to 300kg per shipment.
Arrangements are made to make sure your products are delivered to you in less than 3-5 workdays.
Express courier service providers include DHL, FedEx, TNT, and UPS Express.
How Much Does Express Shipping Cost from China to Germany?
Much like Air Freight, how much you will have to pay for express shipping depends on many factors.
The type of goods, weight, and package size all play a role in determining cost.
In express shipping, the cost per kilogram goes down as the overall size and weight of your package increases.
To give you a clear view of how much it costs, have a look at this sample price list:
|Package Weight ||Package Dimensions ||Price in USD per kg |
|Up to 2 kilograms ||Up to 35 x 24 x 3 cm ||$8.00/kg |
|Up to 2 kilograms ||Up to L+B+H = 90 cm with no side longer than 60 cm ||$6.00/kg |
|Up to 5 kilograms ||Up to 120 x 60 x 60 cm ||$5.00/kg |
|10 kilograms ||Up to 120 x 60 x 60 cm ||$4.58/kg |
|20 kilograms ||Up to 120 x 60 x 60 cm ||$4.10/kg |
|31.5 kilograms ||Up to 120 x 60 x 60 cm ||$4.00/kg |
How Fast is Express Shipping from China to Germany?
Express shipping is by far the fastest option to ship from China to Germany.
It takes anywhere from 1 – 6 days to ship the package to your location.
This is significantly much faster than airfreight which can take anywhere from 5 – 13 days.
3. Ship by Sea/Ocean
Basically, there are two ways that you can ship by sea.
You can ship either by FCL Sea Freight or LCL Sea Freight.
Let’s dive into more details about these two shipment modes.
What is FCL Freight Shipping?
Full Container Load (FCL) means that your cargo will occupy one single container without having to share it with others.
Though designed for large shipments, your cargo does not necessarily need to fill the entire container space.
The idea is to secure the entire container exclusively for your cargo.
If your goal is to accommodate your cargo in one full container, FCL is the way to go.
Also, if safety is a concern, it’s best to hire an entire container for yourself if you can afford it.
FCL freight shipping reduces the risk of loss or damage to your cargo.
How Much Does FCL Shipping Cost from China to Germany?
A container can be either 20’ or 40’ long.
The higher your shipping volume, the more money you can save.
FCL gets cheaper if you fill more than 70% of container space. This allows you to utilize economies of scale.
Here is the typical container pricing for FCL shipping.
|Container Type ||Container Volume ||Maximum Weight ||Cost in USD |
|20’ ||33.2 cubic meters ||24 tons ||$3,000 |
|40’ ||67.7 cubic meters ||30.48 tons ||$5,000 |
|40’ HQ ||76.3 cubic meters ||26 tons ||$5,000 |
How Long Does FCL Shipping Take from China to Germany?
FCL Shipping takes the least amount of time when it comes to shipping by sea.
FCL freights take anywhere from 25-38 days if you choose the port-to-port option.
If you choose door-to-door, the duration will likely take 41-45 days.
What is LCL Freight Shipping?
Less than Container Load (LCL) means that your cargo will share a container with other consignees or shippers.
This mode is ideal for smaller freights that do not require the full space capacity of an entire container.
LCL is convenient for both small parcels and large cargo.
If your cargo is small and requires less urgency, LCL is the suitable option.
How Much Does LCL Shipping Cost from China to Germany?
Much like other methods, the cost you need to cover depends on typical factors like size, weight, and destination.
LCL shipping naturally costs less than FCL as you do not have to rent an entire container for yourself.
This table will give you an idea of how much LCL would cost door-to-door for a load of 200kg/cbm:
|Port in Germany ||Shipping from Shanghai ||Shipping from Shenzhen ||Shipping from Ningbo |
|Hamburg ||616 USD ||609 USD ||575 USD |
|Bremerhaven ||631 USD ||624 USD ||589 USD |
|Bremen ||630 USD ||624 USD ||589 USD |
It is useful to mention that destination port charges are a big part of LCL shipping costs.
Not many people are aware of how much these can take up their shipping charges.
This price table will give you an idea of the impact of destination port charges on the cost of shipping.
The origin port for this particular example is Shenzen, China, and the destination port is Hamburg, Germany:
|Port Origin ||Port |
|Port Destination ||Hamburg, Germany |
|Port ||Item ||CO Loader ||Direct CNEE |
|Hamburg ||LCL ||EUR 17.00/CBM OR EUR 32/TON: MIN: EUR 51.00 ||EUR 20.00/CBM OR EUR 35/TON: MIN: EUR 55.00 |
|Pier CHX ||EUR 66 TON (LESS 20 KGS PER PACKAGE) ||EUR 66 TON (LESS 20 KGS PER PACKAGE) |
|EUR 53 TON (20 KGS PER PACKAGE AND MORE) ||EUR 53 TON (20 KGS PER PACKAGE AND MORE) |
|Bonded Transport Docs EUR 55/set ||EUR 11 CBM (5 CBM PER PACKAGE AND MORE) ||EUR 11 CBM (5 CBM PER PACKAGE AND MORE) |
|EUR 62.00 – Minimum ||EUR 62.00 – Minimum |
|GSC (or ISPS) ||EUR 9 WM (MIN 9 W/M) ||EUR 9 WM (MIN 9 W/M) |
|Anti-Terror Compliance Fee ||EUR 3.96 PER SHIPMENT ||EUR 3.96 PER SHIPMENT |
|Customs Entry Fee ||EUR 8.75/SET ||EUR 8.75/SET |
|D/O Fee ||EUR 55.00 BL ||EUR 55.00 BL |
|Currency Emergence Factor ||EUR 28/CBM (SUBJECT TO FLUCTUATION OF CURRENCY) ||EUR 33/CBM (SUBJECT TO FLUCTUATION OF CURRENCY) |
|CISF ||USD 75.00 PER CBM ||USD 80.00 PER CBM |
|VAT || || |
|Handle ||USD 15/CBM ||USD 15/CBM |
|T1 (For HAM) ||EUR 65.00 BL ||EUR 65.00 BL |
How Long Does LCL Shipping Take from China to Germany?
LCL is considerably cheaper than FCL but takes more time to ship your cargo.
LCL freights take anywhere from 28 days to over 40 days from port to port.
If you go for door-to-door shipping, the duration can take 42-47 days.
4. Ship by Rail
This is the ideal method if you are shipping bulk goods but don’t want to wait too long for your cargo.
Shipping by rail takes less delivery time compared to shipping by sea.
This method utilizes the container shipment concept. Your goods must be containerized for you to ship by rail.
Where are the Rail Transport Hubs in China and Germany?
The cities in China where your shipment will originate are:
The cities in Germany where your shipment will arrive are:
When importing from China, you can always opt for door-to-door shipping directly to your address in Germany. Door-to-door shipping always provides convenience and simplicity.
How Much Does It Cost to Ship by Rail from China to Germany?
Many agents will offer door-to-door services for your cargo.
This allows transport to be simple and efficient because you do not need to monitor every stage of the shipment.
Though prices may fluctuate depending on the time of year, the average cost per container is 13,500 USD.
The average cost on a less than container load rail freight on the other hand is USD 2/kg.
These cost include import customs and duty fees.
How Long Does It Take to Ship from China to Germany by Rail?
Train shipping is an economic mode of delivery. You can ship at a lower cost compared to sea freight shipping.
Shipping by rail also takes less time in comparison to shipping by sea.
Rail transit times take around 25 days door-to-door while sea freights take around 35.